Alberta is a southwestern Canadian province with a huge population corridor including Edmonton and Calgary. Capital city, Edmonton, is home to the University of Alberta, the Oilers hockey team, the largest indoor Mall shopping complex in the world and the annual Canadian Finals Rodeo. Calgary, known for its Annual Stampede and an amazing Zoo, is just an hour and a half from the oldest park in Canada, Banff National Park, boasting Rocky Mountains, dazzling glaciers and spectacular wildlife. Drumheller Valley is known as the "Dinosaur Capital of The World, and Lake Athabasca offers the best pike and lake trout fishing anywhere!
British Columbia, right on the Pacific Ocean in southwestern Canada, may be best known for Vancouver, third largest city in the country. Many cruises set sail from Cruise Ship Terminal at Canada Place, and visitors love exploring historic Gastown and climbing the Lookout for amazing vistas. Just two hours away is the resort city, Whistler, offering an assortment of fine restaurants, spas, hotels and mountain sports year round. Capital, Victoria, is quite British in atmosphere, with afternoon tea at the Fairmont Empress and touring the impressive Parliament Buildings iconic experiences. With majestic Coast Mountains running along the coastline, the scenery is breathtaking, and BC’s water setting creates every recreational opportunity you might desire.
Manitoba boasts capital and largest city, Winnipeg, offering attractions such as Fort Gibraltar, a spectacular Legislative Building, a cool Chinatown District and pro sports. Eat, drink and be merry at The Forks, a National Historic site entertainment district. Ready to get into nature? Wapusk National Park is renowned for its population of polar bears, while Riding Mountain National Park sports the incredible Manitoba Escarpment gorges; both parks are filled with a wide array of wildlife. Poplar/Nanowin Rivers Park Reserve protects 800,000 hectares of pristine wilderness as well.
New Brunswick, in southeastern Canada, offers three defined coastlines. The incredible Bay of Fundy offers an abundance of marine life and the highest tides anywhere! Saint John sits on this Bay. Moncton features the largest metro population and is officially bilingual; you will find Fundy National Park between these cities. Visit UNESCO World Heritage Site Joggins Fossil Cliffs, preserving 300 million year old rock strata, and fly-fish for salmon on the Miramichi River. The waterfall at Grand Falls Gorge and the white Bouctouche Dunes are awe-inspiring natural artworks. Chaleur Bay, officially one of the world’s most beautiful bays, features a gentle coast with Appalachian trails nearby.
Newfoundland and Labrador comprise the farthest east of Canadian provinces. The vast majority of the population is found on the more temperate Island, Newfoundland. St. John’s is the capital and largest city, located at the southeastern tip of Newfoundland. Many cruises ships use this port city as home base; be sure to visit Signal Hill National Historic Site. Terra Nova National Park offers eco-boat tours to explore the vast outdoors. Gros Morne National Park in Labrador offers a display of tectonic plates as well as amazing wildlife.
Northwest Territories, in northwestern Canada, is large in size but small in population. Largest city and capital, Yellowknife, is located in the less harsh southern region and is known for its Canadian Arctic Diamonds. Longest in the country, Mackenzie River originates in Great Slave Lake. The northern region features the Arctic Circle, Land of the Midnight Sun, and Tuktut Nogait National Park. This park boasts an amazing assortment of wildlife including caribou and grizzlies which roam among stunning canyons and rolling tundra.
Nova Scotia is a peninsula sitting just off the southeastern coast of New Brunswick, and the surrounding waters moderate its climate. Capital and largest city, Halifax, has a long maritime history and is well-preserved. The west coast of Nova Scotia is bounded by the incredible Bay of Fundy, known for the highest tides in the world and a rich collection of whales, porpoises and seals. Enjoy exploring charming seaside villages and searching out 160 lighthouses, the most renowned at Peggy’s Cove. Drive along the scenic Cabot Trail at Cape Breton Highlands National Park and hike some of its trails, to be rewarded with stunning Atlantic Ocean views. Regional wines perfectly pair with the freshest seafood imaginable at local eateries.
Ontario is located just north of the U.S. Midwest and contains Canada’s largest city and capital, Toronto. PATH, its underground shopping complex, is the world’s largest. Views from the top of CN Tower and professional sports contests are both crowd-pleasers. Provincial capital Ottawa’s Rideau Canal provides a setting of connected lakes and rivers, creating an awesome outdoor playground. Skating the Canal in the winter and cruising Ottawa River in the summer are popular pastimes. Throngs of visitors have explored Niagara Falls, one of 7 Wonders of the World, and the fly-fishing up north is great. Ontario offers a perfect mix of outdoor recreation and the bright lights of big cities!
Prince Edward Island is a Maritime Province located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Tiniest of the provinces, visitors enjoy lovely sand beaches with famous “singing sand”. Charlottetown is the capital and largest city, boasting a popular cruise port. Tour historic Province House, enjoy a romantic carriage ride and explore the rare formations known as the Greenwich sand dunes. Seal watching, all water activities, and biking the Confederation Trail are time-honored favorites.
Quebec is the largest Canadian province, with a predominantly French-speaking populace. Serving as provincial capital, Quebec City welcomes millions of annual visitors to explore her history and heritage. Popular sites include The Citadel, Fairmont Le Chateau Frontenac and nearby Montmorency Falls. Montreal’s population nears two million, the second largest city in Canada. Elegantly European, Old Montreal (Vieux Montreal) offers a variety of cultural options. The Underground City (RESO) is an amazing system linking buildings. Cruise the St. Lawrence River or hike mountain trails at Parc national de la Gaspesie. Quebec is a perfect blend of city and rural environments – it is truly tres magnifique!
Saskatchewan presents the vast prairieland of south-central Canada. Its largest city, Saskatoon, preserves its history of First Nations people at Wanuskewin Heritage Park, along with 60 km of paths along the river. Capital Regina is the site of the singular training center for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as well as the 4th largest urban park in the country, Wascana Centre. A drive to the north brings you to Prince Albert National Park with its notable bison and white pelican nesting sites. Continue to the northwest corner of the province to the utterly unspoiled Athabasca Sand Dunes Provincial Park. Reindeer Lake and Deep Bay both pitch fantastic fishing.
Yukon Territories, in the northwestern corner of Canada, is small but mighty. Whitehorse is its capital and home to 2/3 of the provincial population. Jump on the Waterfront Trolley to explore the sites along the Millennium Trail, including the spawning Chinook Salmon at the Fish Ladder. A walk across the suspension bridge over the Yukon River at Miles Canyon will definitely test your fear factor! Visit Mount Logan in Kluane National Park – it’s the highest point in Canada. Yukon is a critical habitat for North American wildlife, quite popular with hunters, anglers and outdoor enthusi